Priene, founded in 10 km north of the the Büyük Menderes River, was a Ionian city. It used to be by the sea when it was founded. Because of the alluvial mass brought by the Büyük Menderes River, It became landlocked. The city was refounded in the 4th century. The city, where the roads intersect with right angles, planned by Hyppodamos. The security towers were surrounded by the 2-m-wide stone walls with 3 main entrance gates.
The structures of clean water and drainage are visible. The Temple of Athena was founded on a high terrace in the north of the main road in the west half of the city. The temple ,ascended with stairs made by skilful work, has six columns on its front side. The artchitect of the temple was Pytheos who was also the architect of the the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, one of The Seven Wonders of the World
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